The Use of Mobile to Boost Iranian EFL Learners’ Grammar Knowledge: The Case of Grammar Learning Application in Focus

Iran Kashanizadeh, Mohsen Shahrokhi


Using a mobile device in education opened a new way for the teaching and learning process.  One aspect of the English language which has been subject to investigation in mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) is grammar. The main purpose of the present study was to probe the efficacy of mobile applications for grammar learning. In so doing, a quasi-experimental research design was adopted to investigate the effect of grammar learning application on EFL learners' grammatical knowledge. For this purpose, 50 Iranian female Intermediate learners were recruited to participate in this study. They were assigned to two groups; control and experimental, consisted of 25 learners in each group. To assess the learners' grammatical knowledge before specific treatment, a pretest of grammar was administered. After the pretest, in each session of the treatment, the participants in the experimental group were taught grammar through Grammar Learning Application on their mobile phones, and in the control group, a conventional method was employed for teaching grammar. After 14 sessions, to discover the effect of treatment both groups participated in another grammar test as the posttest. Finally, an independent samples t-test was run on obtained data. The results indicated that participants in the experimental group performed significantly better in the posttest, demonstrating the effectiveness of the mobile application used in this study on learning grammar. The findings are beneficial for syllabus designers, material developers, and EFL teachers to use mobile applications in teaching grammar.


EFL learners, Grammar Ability, M-Learning, Grammar Learning Application

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