The Resultative Construction in the Lamalera Dialect

Yosef Demon

Abstract


The resultative construction represents a condition or state expressed by a state verb. In addition to using a state verb predicate, the resultative construction can also be expressed by the category of adjectives or other word categories experiencing morphological process. Universally, the resultative construction refers to the state embodied by state verbs or verbalizations and process that reflect a result. Thus, the resultative construction is a resultantĀ  construction. The resultative construction shows similarities with the stative construction. However, resultative construction principally differs from stative construction. The resultative construction reveals a condition with no implications whatsoever with regard to the conditions while the stative construction reveals both the condition and the actions that precede it (Nedjalkov dan Jaxontov, 1998: 6). Mathews (1997: 320) states that the resultative construction is the elements in the clause that refer to the result of the action. In other words, the resultative construction is a construction that describes the attainment of a condition experienced by the noun phrase due to the action expressed by the verb predator (Broccias, 2008 :28). The resultative construction in agglutinative languages is expressed through morphological processes. Lamalera dialect (henceforth: LD) is not an agglutinative language (dialect). Thus, LD does not have any morphological strategy to reveal the resultative construction. Language data analysis proves that the resultative and stative constructions in LD are disclosed using a syntactical strategy.


Keywords


resultative construction, statif construction, depictive

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