The Effect of Project Based Learning (PBL) on the Components of Speaking Ability of Iranian EFL Beginner Learners

Esmail Zare-Behtash, Tayebe Sarlak


The most challenge of language learners is speaking ability. A learner is supposed to be a good speaker if he or she use proper vocabulary in the well-organized sentences and utter it in correct pronunciation and appropriate fluency. Consequently, the best teaching method is one which helps language learners to speak more comprehensibly. PBL is a communicative approach which is supposed to improve speaking ability in terms of its five components (vocabulary, grammar, fluency, pronunciation, and organization). The present research tries to examine the influence of PBL on Iranian EFL beginners of Chabahar Islamic Azad University. Forty-five participants took part in the research that lasted about 13 weeks. The instruction involved the experimental group who experienced PBL and the control group who undergone traditional teaching method. The pretest and the posttest were administered to both groups. The result of comparison through t-tests demonstrated the effectiveness of PBL to promote elementary EFL learners’ speaking ability in terms of its five components.


PBL, pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, fluency, organization

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